Advantages and disadvantages of decentralisation

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Advantages and disadvantages of decentralisation ‍This article explores some of the key advantages and disadvantages of decentralisation. In terms of decision-making, there are two types of organisational structures: centralised and decentralised. Decentralised systems are those where departments or locations have more autonomy and are accountable for their own operations, and performance.   What is decentralisation? According to Griffiths (2022) decentralisation refers to the transfer of planning and decision-making functions of an organisation away from a central, authoritative location. It is about moving the control of an organisation or government from […]

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Differences between hard HRM and soft HRM

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Differences between hard HRM and soft HRM This article aims to explore some of the differences between hard HRM and soft HRM. Certainly, with the growth of digitalization, HRM has evolved from being just about keeping track of employee records to a strategic tool that could influence the success and failure of a business. HR managers carry out different responsibilities and may approach human resources differently. These responsibilities and approaches are commonly labelled as ‘hard HRM’ and ‘soft HRM’.   Understanding the differences between hard HRM and soft HRM can […]

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Advantages and disadvantages of external recruitment

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Advantages and disadvantages of external recruitment This article evaluates some of the advantages and disadvantages of external recruitment. Certainly, there are many benefits to hiring employees through an outside source, which is why many businesses often use this option to fill key positions. However, there are some risks and challenges that need to be considered seriously as well.   What is external recruitment? According to CIPD (2021) external recruitment is when a business looks to fill vacancies with any suitable applicants outside the organisation. It is about hiring people who […]

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Advantages and disadvantages of performance appraisal

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Advantages and disadvantages of performance appraisal  This is an in-depth analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of performance appraisal. Performance appraisal is a process aimed at evaluating employee performance. Some analysts argue that it has several advantages such as giving managers a chance to communicate with employees about their work, increase productivity, and create a positive work environment. However, they have also identified some challenges associated with it.   What is performance appraisal (review)?  According to CIPD (2022) performance appraisal forms part of a holistic approach to managing performance. It […]

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Advantages and disadvantages of internal recruitment

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Advantages and disadvantages of internal recruitment  This detailed article examines some of the advantages and disadvantages of internal recruitment. When it comes to recruiting people, managers have two options i.e. whether hiring someone from within or outside the company. Companies understand that sometimes they need to stop looking for employees externally and start looking internally. There are many reasons behind it which this article intends to explore.   What is internal recruitment? Internal recruitment takes place within the organisation. It is when a business looks to fill the vacancy from […]

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Advantages and disadvantages of interviews

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Advantages and disadvantages of interviews This comprehensive article aims to assess the advantages and disadvantages of interviews in research and recruitment. There is no doubt that interview is often used by both researchers and recruiters for data collection and assessing suitable job applicants. Definition of Interviews According to Soanes (2002) an interview is a spoken examination of an applicant for a job or college place. According to Kahn and Cannell 1957, cited in Saunders et al. (2007) an interview is a purposeful discussion between two or more people. It involves […]

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Performance appraisal – objectives and process

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What is performance appraisal? ‘Performance appraisal is the process whereby an individual’s performance is reviewed against previously agreed goals, and whereby new goals are agreed which will develop the individual and improve performance over the forthcoming review period’ (BPP Learning Media, 2010, p.166). It is a process which you can apply as a manager (and/or with performance appraisal responsibility) to carry out a systematic evaluation of the performance of your employees. Objectives of performance appraisal You may ask why organisations should carry out performance appraisals. Well, there are certainly many […]

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Who are line managers? Role of line managers

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Who are line managers? Line managers play an important role in organisations. They are those managers to whom individuals or teams directly report and who have responsibility to a higher level of management for those individuals or teams (University of Southampton, 2014). They have responsibility for directly managing individual employees or teams. In turn, they report to a higher level of management on the performance and well-being of the employees or teams they manage (CIPD, 2014).  They are also sometimes called ‘front-line managers’. Role of line managers Line managers carry […]

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What is human resource planning?

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  Human resource planning is one of the main functions of human resource management. It is known as HR Planning in short. It can be defined ‘as a strategy for the acquisition, utilisation, improvement, and retention of the human resources required by the enterprise in pursuit of its objectives’ (BPP Learning Media, 2010, p.40). HR Planning is a process. Traditionally, HR planning was known as manpower planning. According to BPP Learning Media (2010), traditional manpower model has three stages as follows: Forecasting demand for specific skills and competencies in an […]

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Differences between recruitment and selection

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Recruitment and selection are two important functions in human resource planning. Organisations certainly need people to run their functions on a day-to-day basis. Sometimes, it may be necessary for organisations to take more people on board. This is where the issue of recruitment and selection come into action. The aim of this article is to explore the differences between recruitment and selection. Definition of recruitment and selection Recruitment is a campaign of two main functions i.e. recruitment and selection. According to Rees & French (2010) recruitment is the process of […]

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